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CBS News and JFK (Freedom of Man) Parts 44-46

JFK’S ASSASSINATION (CBS-TV COVERAGE)(PART 44)  

The Kennedys frequently went to church as a family group. These pictures were taken when they attended Easter services in Palm Beach. And the President brought both children to the hospital at Otis Air Force Base to see their mother after the death of Patrick. That was not long ago. Mrs. Kennedy has just begun to make public appearances following a period of mourning and a vacation abroad.

The President and the children also went to the airport to meet Mrs. Kennedy

after her recent return from that vacation in Greece.

The one that she met Onassis and he kissed her hand and gave her red roses? That one?

Red roses she found to be strange to be given in Dallas on her arrival the day she received a lamb chops puppet that she hid in those red roses. 

Both Mrs. Kennedy and the President

said all along part of their main job was to be parents.

The President always seemed to enjoy it.

One of the last times that father and son were together

was when the President went to Arlington

to lay a wreath at the tomb of the unknowns.

John went along, but stayed behind at the car

fascinated by the uniforms and salutes of the military.

————————————————

With the coming to power of Fidel Castro in Cuba the spectra/specter (not sure which is said but both seem to fit) of Communism was raised only 90 miles from our own shores.

What is funny about that is Arlen Specter who worked on the Warren Commission and became a senator

 was also the first to offer the one bullet theory for the death of JFK

looks eerily similar to Oswald. That is my opinion!  

Less than 4 months after John Kennedy took office an assault was mounted on Cuba in the predawn hours of April 17th, 1961. Anti-Castro rebels landed on the swampy beaches of Las Villas Province. The attack was directed by the Cuban National Revolutionary Council which was based in the United States. Cuban forces beat off the attackers. The Debacle became known as The Bay of Pigs Disaster. Kruschev blamed the Kennedy Administation. Mr. Kennedy blamed security leaks and breaches of secrecy for the disaster.

Kennedy’s speech:


“If the Press is awaiting a declaration of war before it imposes the self discipline of combat conditions then I can only say that no war ever posed a greater threat to our security. If you are awaiting a finding of clear and present danger then I can only say that the danger has never been more clear and its presence has never been more imminent. This deadly challenge imposes upon our society two requirements of direct concern both to the Press and to the President. Two requirements that may seem almost contradictory in tone but which must be reconciled and fulfilled if we are to meet this national peril. I refer first to the need for far greater public information and second to the need for far greater official secrecy. And I hope that every group on America unions and businessman and public officials at every level will ask the same question of their endeavors and suffer their actions to this same exacting task. I have no intention of establishing a new office of war information to govern the flow of news. I am not suggesting any new forms of censorship or new types of security classifications. I have no easy answer to the dilemma that I have posed and would not seek to impose it if I had one. But I am asking the members of the newspaper profession and the industry in this country to reexamine their own responsibilities to consider the degree and the nature of the present danger and to heed the duty of self restraint.”

The trouble over Cuba kept reoccurring until it led to a direct showdown with the Soviet Union, but that wasn’t for another year and half in October of 1962.

In between there was that other recurring difficulty that seemed so often to bring the United States and Russia to swords point.

That of course is Berlin. The trouble over Berlin predated the Kennedy Administration and lingers still.

In July of 1961 President Kennedy took the stand on the question:

“Our response to the Berlin crisis will not be merely military or negative. It will be more than merely standing firm. For we do not intend to leave it to others to choose and monopolize the forum and the framework of discussion. We do not intend to abandon our duty to mankind to seek a peaceful solution. As signers of the UN Charter we shall always be prepared to discuss international problems with any and all nations that are willing to talk and listen with reason. If they have proposals, not demands, we shall hear them. If they seek genuine understanding, not concessions of our rights, we shall meet with them. We have previously indicated our readiness to remove any actual irritants in West Berlin, but the freedom of that city is not negotiable. We cannot negotiate with those who say “what’s mine is mine and what’s yours is negotiable” but we are willing to consider any arrangement or treaty in Germany consistent with the maintenance of peace and freedom and with legitimate security interests of all nations. We recognize the Soviet Union’s historical concern about their security in Central and Eastern Europe after a series of ravaging invasions and we believe arrangements can be worked out which will help to meet those concerns and make it possible for both security and freedom to exist in this troubled area. For it is not the freedom of West Berlin which is abnormal in Germany today but the situation in that entire divided country. If anyone doubts the legality of our rights in Berlin we are ready to have it submitted to International Adjudication. If anyone doubts the extent to which our presence is desired by the people of West Berlin compared to East German feelings about their regime we are ready to have that question submitted to a free vote in Berlin and if possible among all the German people and let us hear at the same time from two and one half million refugees who have fled the communist regime in East Germany voting for Western type freedom with their feet. The world is not deceived by the communist attempt to label Berlin as a hotbed of war. There is peace in Berlin today. The source of world trouble and tension is Moscow, not Berlin. And if war begins it will have begun in Moscow and not Berlin…..”

——————————–——-

Weird because of WWll.

Was the Soviet Union responsible for WWll? I thought the problem was Hitler and Fascism and now Nazism is overlooked? WHY?

This seems very strange! Or is Fascism a product of Communism?

I thought Fascism was a product of

fanatical

Synoptic Christianity!

Makes sense to me!

Please read :

Pope Benedict XVI and His Power of Suggestion

which ought to clear it up so that you may understand the relationship between Fanaticism of Synoptic Christianity

and it’s control over Islam and Roman Catholicism and many others.

—————————

The summer and fall of 1962 saw more concern about Cuba and the presence of Soviet Troops there. Some members of Congress notably Republican Senator Kenneth Keating of New York complained that the Russians were building missile installations which were a threat to our security. The decision regarding Cuba was too important to rush and President Kennedy waited until he was sure that indeed a serious threat did exist. Then at 7:00 o’clock on the night of October 22 President Kennedy took to a national radio and television and he stated the United States position clearly:

“….This government as promised has maintained the closest surveillance of the Soviet military buildup on the island of Cuba that a series of offensive missile sites is now in preparation on that imprisoned island. The purpose of these bases can be none other than to provide a nuclear strike capability against the Western Hemisphere. Acting therefore in the defense of our own security and of the entire Western Hemisphere and under the authority entrusted to me by the Constitution as endorsed by the revolu resolution of the Congress I have directed that the following initial steps be taken immediately:

First, to halt this offensive buildup a strict quarantine on all offensive military equipment under shipment to Cuba is being initiated. All ships of any kind bound for Cuba from whatever nation or port will if found to contain cargo from whatever nation or port (some kind of glitch and repeats) will if found to contain cargoes of offensive weapons be turned back. This quarantine will be extended if needed to other types of cargo and carriers. We are not at this time however denying the necessities of life as the Soviets attempted to do in their Berlin Blockade of 1948.”

JFK’S ASSASSINATION (CBS-TV COVERAGE)(PART 45)

Second, I have directed the continued and increased close surveillance of Cuba and its military buildup. The foreign ministers of the OAS in their communique of October 6th rejected secrecy in such matters in this hemisphere. Should these offensive military preparations continue thus increasing the threat to the hemisphere further action will be justified. I have directed the armed forces to prepare for any eventualities. And I trust in the interests of both the Cuban people and the Soviet technicians at the sites the hazards to all concerned of continuing this threat will be recognized.

Third, it shall be the policy of this nation to regard any nuclear missile launched from Cuba or against any  nation in the Western Hemisphere as an attack by the Soviet Union on the United States requiring a full retaliatory response upon the Soviet Union.

==================End of that speech================

The President liked to take time to talk and philosophize about his office. Just about a year ago he sat in his famous rocking chair and talked on television with reporters from the

3 networks.

 Q: As you look back on your first 2 years in office sir has your experience in the office matched your expectations? You had studied a good deal the power of the Presidency; the methods of it’s operation. How has this worked out as you saw it in advance?

JFK: Well, in the first place I think the problems are more difficult than I imagined they were.

Secondly, there’s a limitation on the ability of the United States to solve these problems.

We uh are involved now in the Congo in a very difficult situation. We’ve been unable to secure implementation of the policy which we supported.We are involved in a good many other areas. We are trying to see if a solution can be found of the struggle between Pakistan and India with whom we want to remain friends, with whom we want to remain friendly relations if they are unable to come to an agreement. There is a limitation in other words upon the power of the United States to bring about solutions. I think our people get awfully impatient, and uh maybe fatigued and tired…..we’ve been carrying this burden for 17 years. Can we lay it down? We can’t lay it down. I don’t see how we can lay it down in this century. So that uh I would say that the problems are more uh difficult than I imagined them to be. The responsibilities placed upon the United States are greater than I imagined them to be and there are greater limitations upon our ability to bring about a favorable result than I had imagined them to be, And I think that is probably true of anyone who becomes President because there is such a difference between those who advice or speak or legislate and be tr between the man who must uh make select from the various alternatives proposed and say that this shall be the policy of the United States. It’s much easier to make the speeches than it is to finally make the judgements, because uh unfortunately your advisors are frequently divided and if you take the wrong course and on occasion I have, the President bears the burdens, the responsibility, quite rightly. The advisors may move on to new advice.

Q:  Well Mr. President that brings up a point that’s always interested me. How does a President go about making a decision like Cuba for example?

JFK: The uh most recent one was hammered out really our policy and decision over a period of uh 5 or 6 days. During that period the 15 people more or less who were directly consulted frequently uh changed their views uh because uhwhatever action we took had so many disadvantages to it and each action that we took raised the prospect that the it might escalate with the Soviet Union into a Nuclear war. Finally however I think a general consensus developed uh and certainly seemed after all alternatives were examined that the course of action that we finally adopted was the right one. Now uh when I talked to members of the congress several of them suggested a different alternative when we confronted them on that Monday with the evidence. My feeling is that if they had gone through the 5 day period we had gone through at looking at the various alternatives the advantages and disadvantage of action they probably would have come out the same way that we did. I think that we took the right one. If we would have had to act on the Wednesday in the first 24 hours I don’t think probably we would have chosen as prudently as we finally did: A quarantine against the use of Offensive weapons.

In addition uh that had much more power than we first thought it did because uh I think the Soviet Union was very reluctant to have us stop ships which carried with them a good deal of their highly secret and sensitive material. Another uh….one of the reasons I think that the Soviet Union withdrew the IAL28s  was because we were carrying on very intensive low level photography. Now no one would have guessed probably that that would have been such a harassment. Mr. Castro could not permit us to indefinitely continue wide spread flights over his island at 200 feet every day and he yet he knew if he shot down one of our planes it uh then it would uh bring back a much more serious reprisal on him.

So it’s very difficult to always make judgements here about what the effect will be of our decisions on other countries. In this case it seemed to me that we did pick the right one. In Cuba of 1961, we picked the wrong one.

Q: I’d like to go back to question of the consensus and your relationship to the consensus you have said and the Constitution says that the decision can be made only by the President. Now what was your relation to the consensus? Did you form no opinion until a consensus appeared or were you part of forming a consensus and had you disagreed with it? What then?

JFK: Well I think that uh well you know that old story about the Abraham Lincoln in the Cabinet he says “all in favor say Aye” and the whole Cabinet uh voted Aye and uh then all opposed no, and Lincoln voted No and he said “the vote is no.” So that uh naturally the Constitution places the responsibility on the uh President. There was some disagreement with the course we finally adopted, but the course we finally adopted had the advantage of permitting other steps if this one was unsuccessful. In other words, we were starting in a sense at the at a minimum place and if that were unsuccessful we could have gradually stepped it up until we had gone into a much more massive action which might have become necessary if the first step had been unsuccessful. I would think that the majority had finally come to accept that though at the beginning there was a much sharper division and after all this was very valuable because uh the people who were involved had particular responsibilities of their own≥ Mr. McNamara Secretary of Defense who therefore had to advise me on the military capacity of the United States in that area.  The Secretary of State who had to advice on the attitude of the OAS (The Organization of the American States) and Nato.  So that uh in my opinion the majority came to accept the course we finally took. Which made it much easier. The Cuba of 1961 the advice of those who were brought in on the Executive Branch was also unanimous and the advice was wrong so that uh and finally, and I was responsible. So it finally comes down that no matter how many advisors you have frequently are they are divided and the President must finally choose. The other point is something that President Eisenhower said to me in January of 19–  There is no easy matters will ever come to you as President. If they were easy they would be settled at a lower level. So the matters that finally come to as President are always the difficult matters the matters which carry with them large implications. So this contributes to some of the uh burdens of the uh the Office of the Presidency which other Presidents have commented on.

Just thought I would add this link for me later to try to read and for the whomever if interested:

13 Days in October

“The thirteen days marking the most dangerous period of the Cuban missile crisis begin. President Kennedy and principal foreign policy and national defense officials are briefed on the U-2 findings. Discussions begin on how to respond to the challenge. Two principal courses are offered: an air strike and invasion, or a naval quarantine with the threat of further military action. To avoid arousing public concern, the president maintained his official schedule, meeting periodically with advisors to discuss the status of events in Cuba and possible strategies….”

Here is another link:
The Organization of American States

===============================================

 We’ve been considering the life and career of our dead President but meanwhile in Washington the government goes on. We’re going to interrupt this obituary now for a brief look at the news tonight we go to the White House and George Herman.

=============================================

The President of the United States is in Washington but there’s no President at the White House tonight. President Lyndon Johnson worked most of the evening in his office the Executive Office Building the office assigned to him when he was Vice President of the United States before he became President. He left here about 20 minutes ago to return home. Mrs. Kennedy is  not here she is spending the night at Bethesda Naval Hospital where the body of her late husband is also resting.

Tomorrow, the body of the late President accompanied by Mrs. Kennedy will come here to the White House to Lie-In- Repose here in the White House tomorrow for members of the family to view and for members of the government. The following day on Sunday it will go to the United States Capitol where it will Lie-In-State in the Rotunda and there it will be viewed by the American public. There will be a ceremonial mass a pontifical mass by Rich in Richard Cardinal Cushing on Monday. And after that the burial arrangements which so far are private. Here in the White House tonight Sargent Shriver has been working on the funeral arrangements the President’s brother-in-law taking care of the melancholy last details of the late President of the United States. All else here at the White House is quiet. There is no further Presidential activity here. Only people trying to find out what is going to happen. What’s going to happen to President Johnson. What’s going to happen to the United States. And what is the next order of business at this home of Presidents. This is George Herman at the White House returning you now back to Harry Reasoner.

===========================================

John F. Kennedy’s life was brief and busy. Now prematurely that life has been comit.(tape goes silent no sound for a few seconds) Something probably purposefully omitted. (sound returns) 

and to stick by it’s pledge to insure the freedom of the continent.

Wherever he went his reception was enthusiastic but no where more so then in the divided city of Berlin.

  (man in black adjusts his hat

and it seems to be a symbolic gesture of some kind)

Not sure of the meaning of the gesture, but it is in this you tube presentation

and I suspect the meaning has to do with

Human Rights and Freedom…

German, Roman, American, African, Jewish, women hopefully

(notice below that when addressing the crowd he says Ladies)

That is my conjecture.

 End

——————————————————

JFK’S ASSASSINATION (CBS-TV COVERAGE)(PART 46)

These people had reason to cheer for Mr. Kennedy for in their eyes he was the mainstay between the freedom they enjoyed in West Berlin and the Russian directed domination of the Eastern Sector. The President had this to say at the Berlin Wall:

Thank you. Ladies. I am proud to come to this city as the guest of your distinguished mayor

who has symbolized throughout the world the fighting spirit of West Berlin

and I am proud (huge applause and yelling) and I am proud to visit the Federal Republic

with your distinguished Chancelor who for so many years has committed Germany

to democracy and freedom and progress

and to come here in the company of my fellow American, General Clay who (huge applause by crowd)

who has been in this city during it’s great moments of crisis and will come again if ever needed.

 (huge applause by huge crowd)2000 years ago.

2000 years ago the proudest boast wars

Civis Romanus sum

today in the world of freedom the proudest boast is Ish?/ich? bin ein Beeleener

(by sound not by german spelling 2:13/10:49)

Huge applause

———————————————-

“Civis Romanus sum (pronounced Cīvis Rōmānus sum) (Classical Latin: [ˈkiːwɪs roːˈmaːnʊs ˈsʊm],

 I am a Roman citizen) implied, in a wide sense, all the rights and duties associated with the status of Roman citizenship.[1]

The Christian New Testament states that Paul of Tarsus, imprisoned and on trial, claimed his right as a Roman citizen to be tried before Caesar, and the judicial process had to be suspended until he was brought to Rome.[2][3]“

“The locution was quoted by Lord Palmerston when called to explain his decision to blockade Greece. In his speech in the Houses of Parliament on June 25, 1850 he claimed that every British subject in the world should be protected by the British Empire like a Roman citizen in the Roman Empire.[4][5]

In 1963, the phrase inspired the American president Kennedy to proclaim “Two thousand years ago the proudest boast was civis Romanus sum.

Today, in the world of freedom, the proudest boast is “Ich bin ein Berliner“.”

———————————————

The place where JFK gave the speech was called

Rathaus Schöneberg

Rathaus Schöneberg is the city hall for the borough of Tempelhof-Schöneberg in Berlin.

From 1949 until 1993 it served as the seat of the Abgeordnetenhaus of Berlin and until 1991 also as the office of the Governing Mayor.


There are many people in the world who really don’t understand, or say they don’t,

what is the great issue between the free world and the communist world.

Let them come to Berlin.

Huge applause

and

end of speech

——————————————————–

After that speech the President went to the wall.

JFK with Bridadier General ………and Secret Service Agent Roy Kellerman.

CBS News Correspondent Daniel Schorr was there with him.

…accompanied by Brigadier General ….he’s the commander of the Berlin Light Brigade. The President climbs up on a platform again for a better look into East Berlin. A better look than he had at The Brandenburg Gate.

The Brandenburg Gate

Obama to Speak at Brandenburg Gate in Berlin

Pretty strange.   Probably mocking the assassination of JFK in his way because he  is crazy and vindictive. Susan Rice’s  potential new post as National Security Advisor is another mock.

Obama has personality defects that are disgusting and he delights in it.

Berlin 1961 by Frederick Kempe

As he mounts the platform he can be seen better and so the cheers rise but most of the people around here are news

people. Those who are cheering are cheering from windows.

Near Check Point   Charlie

Here a close up shot of the Communist barriers, the VoPos, the East German Communist police, with their binoculars want to see from their side too. And on the other side you can see the East Berliners who in spite of everything have come forward knowing the President would be there. There on the corner beyond where East Berliners gathered they wanted to see President Kennedy too. Afraid or not allowed to come any closer. The President stands and just looks. It is an amazing sight. And probably thinks as many others have thought of (not sure if thought of is what is said because garbled but it sounds like it) to come here you have to see it to believe it.

With him General Chester Clifton his military aide.

And there back again looking into East Berlin and see the cluster of East Berliners who have gathered who cannot look over that wall but know that the President is on this side. A remark of, probably a sarcastic remark, about the East Germans from Chancellor Adenauer. We were not allowed to have any microphones at this point. It would be fascinating to know what this conversation was between the President and the Chancellor and the Mayor.

Only recently on the other side of the wall just last week and probably in preparation for President’s visit here the Communists announced a 100 yard strip prohibited to anybody. This prevents any East Berliners coming any closer than 100 yards. One thing the Communists would have hated to see was a series of escapes while the President was here. The perceived blow to them of the President’s visit is already batting up so that Kruschev will be back in East Berlin the day after tomorrow ostensibly to celebrate the birthdate of his puppet  Walter Ulbricht  70th birthday. And the President comes down now from the platform. He has seen the Check Point Charlie which he’s worried about these 2 years.  A place where time (garbled) a war could break out. A place where American and Russian tanks confronted each other and now at last he’s seen it.

============================

Berlin 1961

Kennedy, Khrushchev and the most dangerous place on Earth

The East German puppet pulls the Soviet strings

 

=================================

That tour with the Chancellor Adenauer was shortly before the old man’s retirement. It would not have been likely that if anyone had predicted at that time that he would outlive President Kennedy.

If the President had to face up to momentous problems overseas he certainly had his problems at home. One of the constant nagging issues domestically was the old one of Equal Rights. Like President Eisenhower before him President Kem Kennedy demonstrated his determination to carry out Federal Court Orders in the entry o f Negro James Meredith into the University of Mississippi.

==============

50 years later, Medgar Evers’ widow feels anger anew

 

Then on June 12th of this year the nation was shocked by the murder of Negro Leader Medgar Evers.President Kennedy spoke compellingly of the meaning of that murder:

==============================

We are confronted primarily with a moral issue.

It is as old as the scriptures

and it is as clear as the American Constitution.

The heart of the question is:

Whether all Americans are to be afforded Equal Rights and Equal Opportunities.

Whether we are going to treat our fellow Americans as we want to be treated.

If an American because his skin is dark cannot eat lunch in a restaurant open to the public.

If he cannot send his children to the best public school available.

If he cannot vote for the public officials who represent him.

If, in short, he cannot enjoy the full and free life which all of us want,

then who among us would be content to have the color of his skin changed and stand in his place.

Who among us would then be content with the counsels of patience and delay.

One hundred years of delay have passed since President Lincoln freed the slaves, yet their heirs, their grandsons,

are not fully free.

They are not yet free from the bonds of injustice.

They are not yet yet freed from social and economic oppression.

And this nation for all it’s hopes and all it’s boasts will not be fully freed until all it’s citizens are free.

We preach freedom around the world and we mean it. And we cherish our freedom here at home, but are we to say to the world, and much more importantly to each other, that this is the land of the free except for the negroes. That we have no second class citizens, except negroes. That we have no class or caste system, no ghettos, no master race, except with respect for negroes.

Now the time has come for this nation to fulfill its promise.

The events in Birmingham and elsewhere has so increased the cries for equality that no city, or state, or legislative body can prudently choose to ignore them. The fires of frustration and discord are burning in every city north and south where legal remedies are not at hand. Redress (I think that is the word he is saying because it fits for that time, however regress seems to be occurring at this same time, as both seem to be occurring nowadays kind of like one of Newton’s laws of motion) is sought in the streets in demonstrations, parades, and protests which create tensions and threaten violence and threaten lives.

We face therefore a moral crisis as a country and a people. It cannot be met by repressive police action. It cannot be left to increased demonstrations in the streets. It cannot be quieted by token moves or talk. It is a time to act in the Congress in your state in local legislative body and above all in all of our daily lives.

It is not enough to pin the blame on others to say this is a problem of one section of the country or another, or deplore the facts that we face. A great change is at hand and our task, our obligation, is to make that revolution, that change, peaceful and constructive for all.

Those who do nothing are inviting shame, as well as, violence. Those who act boldly are recognizing right, as well as, reality.

End

Pretty amazing that it had been one hundred years since the freedom of the slaves

to JFK’s speech about the assassination of Medgar Evers.

Emancipation Proclamation

Henry Louis Stephens, untitled watercolor (c. 1863) of a man reading a newspaper with headline “Presidential Proclamation / Slavery”.

“The Emancipation Proclamation is an executive order issued by United States President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, during the American Civil War using his war powers. It was not a law passed by Congress. It proclaimed the freedom of slaves in the ten states then in rebellion, thus applying to 3.1 million of the 4 million slaves in the U.S. at that time. The Proclamation immediately freed 50,000 slaves, with nearly all the rest (of the 3.1 million) freed as Union armies advanced. The Proclamation did not compensate the owners, did not itself outlaw slavery, and did not make the ex-slaves (calledfreedmen) citizens.[1]

On September 22, 1862, Lincoln issued a preliminary proclamation that he would order the emancipation of all slaves in any state of the Confederate States of America that did not return to Union control by January 1, 1863. None returned, and the order, signed and issued January 1, 1863, took effect except in locations where the Union had already mostly regained control. The Proclamation made abolition a central goal of the war (in addition to reunion), outraged white Southerners who envisioned a race war, angered some Northern Democrats, energized anti-slavery forces, and weakened forces in Europe that wanted to intervene to help the Confederacy.[2]

Slavery was made illegal everywhere in the U.S. by the Thirteenth Amendment, which took effect in December 1865.”


=================================


Just recently I wrote a post I hope you will read:

Pope Benedict Says “Faith was the True Enlightenment”

“With regard to material things, our knowledge and our technical accomplishments

are legion,

but what reaches beyond,

the things of God and

the question of good,

we can no longer identify,”

Benedict added, saying that faith was the “true enlightenment.”

Seems like there is a conversation in time and some of the answers and tests are occurring

there and back again. 


Then there is Rosa Parks not mentioned:

Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) was an African-Americancivil rightsactivist, whom the U.S. Congress called “the first lady of civil rights”, and “the mother of the freedom movement”.[1]

On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks refused to obey bus driver James F. Blake‘s order that she give up her seat to make room for a white passenger. Parks was not the first to resist bus segregation. Others had taken similar steps in the twentieth century, including Irene Morgan in 1946,

Irene Morgan

Sarah Louise Keys in 1955, and Claudette Colvin nine months before Parks, but NAACP organizers believed that Parks was the best candidate for seeing through a court challenge after her arrest for civil disobedience.

 I thought Jane Pittman was a real person, but she was a fictional character.

Funny, because of the business about the death of Officer Tippit

in the aftermath of the assassination of JFK

is quite a mystery in itself.

 

Was he fictional too?

=====================

Speaking of fiction I’m looking forward to

The Hobbit: There and Back Again

 and An Unexpected Journey 

Titlesand Release Dates Announced

===============================================

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July 4, 2012 Posted by | Abraham Lincoln, Arlen Spector, Assassination of JFK, CBS News, Equal Rights, Human Rights, Jackie Kennedy, Jackie Onassis, JFK, Oswald, Synoptic Gospel, Uncategorized, Walter Cronkite | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

   

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